Zero-down USDA Guaranteed Loans are the most popular rural development mortgage program in Virginia. These loans are available for anyone with low to moderate income to purchase a home in approved rural areas with no down payment.  The USDA Guaranteed Loan Program is also the favorite no-down payment mortgage in Virginia for non-veterans today, and can be used for a broader range of applicant incomes than USDA Direct Loans.

What are Virginia USDA Loans?

The USDA loan program was created by the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Development, also known as “USDA RD”. USDA Guaranteed Loans (also known as USDA Section 502 Guaranteed Loans) are a mortgage program for low and moderate income mortgage applicants. Virginia USDA loans provide low-cost, government insured mortgage options that suit a variety of home buying needs. The most common mortgages offered through USDA are known as “Guaranteed” loans. USDA Guaranteed Loans are 100% financing mortgages, which means you can use them to buy a home with no down payment.

Virginia USDA Loan Requirements

USDA loan requirements mainly focus on the home loan applicant and the property. First off, the home must be located in an approved rural areas to be considered eligible for USDA financing. Second off, the home buyer must meet all income requirements set forth by USDA. These income limits are established through a combination of debt-to-income ratios and income ceilings that equal 115% of the area median income (AMI) for the particular area. Statewide, Virginia carries a median household income of $74,222, but that can vary from county to county. Ultimately, the applicant must also meet all lender requirements for mortgage approval which include:

  • Credit Requirements
  • Income Requirements
  • Documentation Requirements

Virginia USDA Loan Limits

USDA doesn’t set specific maximum loan amounts for guaranteed mortgages. Instead, local limits are determined by a combination of the area USDA maximum income limit and the borrower’s debt-to-income ratios. This approach means that guaranteed Virginia USDA loan limits are fluid and based upon numerous factors. The limits listed below are based on approximate calculations. Actual guaranteed loan limits may vary.

1-4 Person Households
5-8 Person Households
Accomack County, VA$306,000$391,000
Alleghany County-Clifton Forge city-Covington city, VA HUD N$306,000$391,000
Bath County, VA$306,000$391,000
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$408,000
Bland County, VA$306,000$391,000
Brunswick County, VA$306,000$391,000
Buchanan County, VA$306,000$391,000
Buckingham County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Carroll County-Galax city, VA HUD Nonmetro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Charlotte County, VA$306,000$391,000
Charlottesville, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$357,000$466,000
Culpeper County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$323,000$417,000
Cumberland County, VA$306,000$391,000
Dickenson County, VA$306,000$391,000
Essex County, VA$306,000$391,000
Floyd County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Franklin County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Giles County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Grayson County, VA$306,000$391,000
Greensville County-Emporia city, VA HUD Nonmetro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Halifax County, VA$306,000$391,000
Harrisonburg, VA MSA$306,000$391,000
Henry County-Martinsville city, VA HUD Nonmetro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Highland County, VA$306,000$391,000
King and Queen County, VA$306,000$391,000
King George County, VA$374,000$483,000
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA MSA$306,000$391,000
Lancaster County, VA$306,000$391,000
Lee County, VA$306,000$391,000
Louisa County, VA$306,000$391,000
Lunenburg County, VA$306,000$391,000
Lynchburg, VA MSA$306,000$391,000
Madison County, VA$306,000$391,000
Mecklenburg County, VA$306,000$391,000
Middlesex County, VA$306,000$391,000
Northampton County, VA$306,000$391,000
Northumberland County, VA$306,000$391,000
Nottoway County, VA$306,000$391,000
Orange County, VA$323,000$417,000
Page County, VA$306,000$391,000
Patrick County, VA$306,000$391,000
Pittsylvania County-Danville city, VA HUD Nonmetro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Prince Edward County, VA$306,000$391,000
Pulaski County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Rappahannock County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$323,000$417,000
Richmond County, VA$306,000$391,000
Richmond, VA MSA$340,000$449,000
Roanoke, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Rockbridge County-Buena Vista city-Lexington city, VA HUD No$306,000$391,000
Russell County, VA$306,000$391,000
Shenandoah County, VA$306,000$391,000
Smyth County, VA$306,000$391,000
Southampton County-Franklin city, VA HUD Nonmetro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Staunton-Waynesboro, VA MSA$306,000$391,000
Surry County, VA$306,000$391,000
Tazewell County, VA$306,000$391,000
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC HUD Metro FMR Are$323,000$417,000
Warren County, VA HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$408,000
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD HUD Metro FMR Area$391,000$500,000
Westmoreland County, VA$306,000$391,000
Winchester, VA-WV MSA$306,000$391,000
Wise County-Norton city, VA HUD Nonmetro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Wythe County, VA$306,000$391,000

Additional USDA Limits

What is the maximum amount that I can borrow with a USDA Loan?

The maximum amount for a USDA home loan in Virginia is determined by:

  • Maximum Loan Amount: There’s no set maximum loan amount for USDA rural home loans in VA. Instead, your debt-to-income ratios dictate how much home your can afford (29/41 ratios). Additionally, your total household monthly income must be within USDA allowed maximum income limits for your area. Maximum USDA Guaranteed Loan income limits for all areas can be found at here.
  • Maximum Financing: The maximum USDA Rural Development Loan amount in VA is 100% of the home’s appraised value plus the 1% USDA RD Loan guarantee fee.

What types of loans does USDA offer in Virginia?

Two USDA home loan options are presently available in Virginia for single family households. These programs are backed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture by way of its Rural Development Housing Loans:

  • Virginia USDA Guaranteed Home Loans – Guaranteed Loans the most common Rural Housing Loans in Virginia, because they accommodate higher income limits and 100% financing for home purchases. USDA Guaranteed applicants may have an income of up to 115% of the median household income for the area, which average $74,222 across the state. Specific area income limits for the program can be viewed here. All USDA Guaranteed Loans carry 30 year terms and are set at a fixed rate.
  • Virginia USDA Direct Home Loans – USDA Direct Housing Loans in Virginia are less common than USDA Guaranteed Loans and are only available for low and very low income households to obtain homeownership, as defined by the USDA. Very low income is defined as below 50 percent of the area median income (AMI); low income is between 50 and 80 percent of AMI; moderate income is 80 to 100 percent of AMI. Click here to see area income limits for this program.

What factors determine if I’m eligible for a USDA Loan in Virginia?

To be eligible for a USDA loan in Virginia, your monthly housing costs (mortgage principal and interest, property taxes, and insurance) must meet a specified percentage of your gross monthly income (29% ratio). Your credit background will be fairly considered. A 620 FICO credit score is generally required to obtain a USDA Rural Housing Loan approval through most lenders. You must also have enough income to pay your housing costs plus all additional monthly debt (41% ratio). These ratios can be exceeded somewhat with compensating factors. Applicants for loans may have an income of up to 115% of the median income for the area. Families must be without adequate housing, but be able to afford the mortgage payments, including taxes and insurance.

How much money will I need for the down payment and closing costs?

Rural Development Mortgages in Virginia require no down payment and they allow for the closing costs to be included in the loan amount (appraisal permitting).

What property types are allowed for USDA Mortgages?

While USDA Guidelines do require that the property be Owner Occupied (OO), they also allow you to purchase condos, planned unit developments, manufactured homes, and single family residences.

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