Zero-down USDA Guaranteed Loans are the most popular rural development mortgage program in Alabama. These loans are available for anyone with low to moderate income to purchase a home in approved rural areas with no down payment.  The USDA Guaranteed Loan Program is also the favorite no-down payment mortgage in Alabama for non-veterans today, and can be used for a broader range of applicant incomes than USDA Direct Loans.

What are Alabama USDA Loans?

The USDA loan program was created by the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Development, also known as “USDA RD”. USDA Guaranteed Loans (also known as USDA Section 502 Guaranteed Loans) are a mortgage program for low and moderate income mortgage applicants. Alabama USDA loans provide low-cost, government insured mortgage options that suit a variety of home buying needs. The most common mortgages offered through USDA are known as “Guaranteed” loans. USDA Guaranteed Loans are 100% financing mortgages, which means you can use them to buy a home with no down payment.

Alabama USDA Loan Requirements

USDA loan requirements mainly focus on the home loan applicant and the property. First off, the home must be located in an approved rural areas to be considered eligible for USDA financing. Second off, the home buyer must meet all income requirements set forth by USDA. These income limits are established through a combination of debt-to-income ratios and income ceilings that equal 115% of the area median income (AMI) for the particular area. Statewide, Alabama carries a median household income of $50,536, but that can vary from county to county. Ultimately, the applicant must also meet all lender requirements for mortgage approval which include:

  • Credit Requirements
  • Income Requirements
  • Documentation Requirements

Alabama USDA Loan Limits

USDA doesn’t set specific maximum loan amounts for guaranteed mortgages. Instead, local limits are determined by a combination of the area USDA maximum income limit and the borrower’s debt-to-income ratios. This approach means that guaranteed Alabama USDA loan limits are fluid and based upon numerous factors. The limits listed below are based on approximate calculations. Actual guaranteed loan limits may vary.

1-4 Person Households
5-8 Person Households
Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Auburn-Opelika, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Barbour County, AL$306,000$391,000
Birmingham-Hoover, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Bullock County, AL$306,000$391,000
Butler County, AL$306,000$391,000
Chambers County, AL$306,000$391,000
Cherokee County, AL$306,000$391,000
Chilton County, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Choctaw County, AL$306,000$391,000
Clarke County, AL$306,000$391,000
Clay County, AL$306,000$391,000
Cleburne County, AL$306,000$391,000
Coffee County, AL$306,000$391,000
Columbus, GA-AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Conecuh County, AL$306,000$391,000
Coosa County, AL$306,000$391,000
Covington County, AL$306,000$391,000
Crenshaw County, AL$306,000$391,000
Cullman County, AL$306,000$391,000
Dale County, AL$306,000$391,000
Dallas County, AL$306,000$391,000
Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Decatur, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
DeKalb County, AL$306,000$391,000
Dothan, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Escambia County, AL$306,000$391,000
Fayette County, AL$306,000$391,000
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Franklin County, AL$306,000$391,000
Gadsden, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Greene County, AL$306,000$391,000
Henry County, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Huntsville, AL MSA$340,000$431,000
Jackson County, AL$306,000$391,000
Lamar County, AL$306,000$391,000
Macon County, AL$306,000$391,000
Marengo County, AL$306,000$391,000
Marion County, AL$306,000$391,000
Marshall County, AL$306,000$391,000
Mobile, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Monroe County, AL$306,000$391,000
Montgomery, AL MSA$306,000$391,000
Perry County, AL$306,000$391,000
Pickens County, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Pike County, AL$306,000$391,000
Randolph County, AL$306,000$391,000
Sumter County, AL$306,000$391,000
Talladega County, AL$306,000$391,000
Tallapoosa County, AL$306,000$391,000
Tuscaloosa, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Walker County, AL HUD Metro FMR Area$306,000$391,000
Washington County, AL$306,000$391,000
Wilcox County, AL$306,000$391,000
Winston County, AL$306,000$391,000

Additional USDA Limits

What is the maximum amount that I can borrow with a USDA Loan?

The maximum amount for a USDA home loan in Alabama is determined by:

  • Maximum Loan Amount: There’s no set maximum loan amount for USDA rural home loans in AL. Instead, your debt-to-income ratios dictate how much home your can afford (29/41 ratios). Additionally, your total household monthly income must be within USDA allowed maximum income limits for your area. Maximum USDA Guaranteed Loan income limits for all areas can be found at here.
  • Maximum Financing: The maximum USDA Rural Development Loan amount in AL is 100% of the home’s appraised value plus the 1% USDA RD Loan guarantee fee.

What types of loans does USDA offer in Alabama?

Two USDA home loan options are presently available in Alabama for single family households. These programs are backed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture by way of its Rural Development Housing Loans:

  • Alabama USDA Guaranteed Home Loans – Guaranteed Loans the most common Rural Housing Loans in Alabama, because they accommodate higher income limits and 100% financing for home purchases. USDA Guaranteed applicants may have an income of up to 115% of the median household income for the area, which average $50,536 across the state. Specific area income limits for the program can be viewed here. All USDA Guaranteed Loans carry 30 year terms and are set at a fixed rate.
  • Alabama USDA Direct Home Loans – USDA Direct Housing Loans in Alabama are less common than USDA Guaranteed Loans and are only available for low and very low income households to obtain homeownership, as defined by the USDA. Very low income is defined as below 50 percent of the area median income (AMI); low income is between 50 and 80 percent of AMI; moderate income is 80 to 100 percent of AMI. Click here to see area income limits for this program.

What factors determine if I’m eligible for a USDA Loan in Alabama?

To be eligible for a USDA loan in Alabama, your monthly housing costs (mortgage principal and interest, property taxes, and insurance) must meet a specified percentage of your gross monthly income (29% ratio). Your credit background will be fairly considered. A 620 FICO credit score is generally required to obtain a USDA Rural Housing Loan approval through most lenders. You must also have enough income to pay your housing costs plus all additional monthly debt (41% ratio). These ratios can be exceeded somewhat with compensating factors. Applicants for loans may have an income of up to 115% of the median income for the area. Families must be without adequate housing, but be able to afford the mortgage payments, including taxes and insurance.

How much money will I need for the down payment and closing costs?

Rural Development Mortgages in Alabama require no down payment and they allow for the closing costs to be included in the loan amount (appraisal permitting).

What property types are allowed for USDA Mortgages?

While USDA Guidelines do require that the property be Owner Occupied (OO), they also allow you to purchase condos, planned unit developments, manufactured homes, and single family residences.

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